Adnan Ali

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Friday, July 13, 2007

Military Inc.: Pakistan's Military Economy

“Every country has an army, Pakistan Army has a country” – Anonymous

Besides tens of thousands of Army Men working in government-owned airline and other government-owned industries here's list of Army Officers in Civilian Govt. Departments and Government owned industries and civilian institutions of Pakistan including Universities. Pakistan should be called "Army Inc."

General Pervez Musharraf (President of Pakistan)
Major General (Retd) Muhammad Anwar (President of Azad Kashmir);
Lt Gen (Retd) Khalid Maqbool (Governor Punjab);
Commander Khalil (Governor NWFP);
Lt General (Retd) Javed Ashraf Qazi (Federal Education Minister);
Col (Retd) S.K. Tressler (Federal Minorities & Culture Minister);
Lt Gen. Hamid Javed (Chief Executive's Chief of Staff);
Lt General Muneer Hafeez (Chief of NAB);
Major General Usman Shah (Deputy Chief of NAB);
Major General Shujaat Zameer (Deputy Chief of NAB);
Major General Abdul Jabbar Bhatti (Chief, Regional
Accountability Bureau, RAB,Punjab);

Air Vice Marshal Zakaullah (Chief of RAB NWFP);
Major General Tariq Bashir (Chief of RAB Sindh);
Major General Owais Mushtaq (Chief of RAB Balochistan) ;
Lt General (Retd) Hamid Nawaz (Secretary Defence);
Air Marshal (Retd) Zahid Anees (Secretary Defence Production);
Lt General (Retd) Saeedul Zafar (Secretary Railways);
Major General (Retd) Fazal Ghafoor (Ambassador to North Korea);
Brigadier (Retd) Abdul Majeed Khan (Ambassador to Tajikistan);
Major General (Retd) Salimullah (Ambassador to UAE);
Major General (Retd) Muhammad Hassan Aqeel (Ambassador to Thailand);
Lt General (Retd) Asad Durrani (Ambassador to Saudi Arabia);
Vice Admiral (Retd) Shamoon Aslam Khan (Ambassador to Ukraine);
Air Marshal (Retd) Najeeb Akhtar (Ambassador to Brazil);
Major General Syed Mustafa Anwar Hussain (Ambassador to Indonesia);
Lt General (Retd) Muhammad Shafeeq (Ambassador to Bahrain);
Major General (Retd) Agha Masood Hassan (DG of Postal Services);
Major General Farrukh Javed (Chairman National Highway Authority);
Rear Admiral Ahmad Hayat (Chairman Karachi Port Trust);
Rear Admiral Sikandar Viqar Naqvi (Chairman Port Qasim Authority);
Vice Admiral Tauqir Hussain Naqvi (Chairman National Shipping Corporation) ;
Major General (Retd) Muhammad Hassan (Chief of National Fertilizer Corporation) ;
A Lt. General (Chairman Pakistan Steel Mills);
Lt Colonel (Retd) Akbar Hussain (Export Processing Zone Authority);
Major General Shehzad Alam Malik (Chairman Pakistan Telecommunications Authority);
Air Vice Marshal Azhar Masood (Chairman National Telecommunications Authority);
Brigadier (Retd) Muhammad Saleem (Chairman NADRA);
Brigadier Mirza Babar Aziz (DG NADRA);
Brigadier (Retd) Muhammad Anwar Khan (DG NADRA NWFP);
Major General Raza Hussain (Chairman SUPARCO);
Major General Sabihuddin Bokhari (Surveyor General of Pakistan);
Brigadier Javed Iqbal Cheema (DG National Crisis Management Cell);
Air Marshal (Retd) Shafeeq Haider (Chairman Federal Public Service Commission);
Lt General Arshad Hussain (Member Federal Public Service Commission);
Lt General (Retd) Jehangir Nasrullah (Chairman Punjab Public Service Commission);
Major General (Retd) Arshad Chaudhry (Member Punjab Public Service Commission);
Major General (Retd) Arshadullah Tarar (Member Punjab Public Service Commission);
Air Vice Marshal (Retd) Aliuddin (DG Civil Aviation Authority);
Air Vice Marshal (Retd) Arshad Saleem (Deputy DG Civil Aviation Authority);
Major General Zafar Abbas (DG Anti-Narcotics Force);
Major General Syed Haider Javed (DG National Logistics Cell);
Major General (Retd) Inayatullah Khan Niazi (DG Auqaf, the Dep’t. of Historical Relics);
Major General Pervez Akmal (MD OGDC);
Brigadier (Retd) Rizvan Ashraf (General Manager OGDC);
Brigadier (Retd) Ishtiaq Ali Khan (MD Pakistan Mineral Development Authority);
Major General (Retd) Hamid Hassan Butt (Chairman Pakistan Railways);
Lt General (Retd) Syed Shujaat Ali Khan (Rector Engineering University Lahore);
Lt General (Retd) Arshad Mehmood (Vice Chancellor Punjab University);
Air Vice Marshal (Retd) Sardar Khan (Vice Chancellor Engineering University Peshawar);
Captain (Retd) U.A.G. Isani (Vice Chancellor Islamabad University);
Lt General (Retd) Sardar Ali (DG National Institute of Public Administration) ;
Brigadier (Retd) Maqsoodul Hassan (DG Directorate of Education);
Brigadier Muhammad Ejaz (Home Secretary Punjab);
Brigadier Abdur Rehman (Director Health NWFP);
Brigadier Shadab (Secretary C&W Punjab)
Brigadier Anees (Chairman Punjab Privatization Commission);
Colonel (Retd) Shahid Qureshi (DIG Sindh Telecommunications) ;
Colonel (Retd) Ghulam Hussain (Secretary S&GAD NWFP);
Brigadier Mukhtar (Home Secretary, Sindh);
Brigadier Zaheer Qadri (DG, KDA, Sindh and not Secretary C&W NWFP);
Brigadier (Retd) Akhtar (Secretary to Governor Sindh);
Major General (Retd) Imtiaz (Chairman Pakistan Athletics Federation);
Brigadier Saulat Abbas (DG Pakistan Sports Board).
Brig. Khalid Javed, DG Projects Directorate, NADRA, Islamabad
Col Talmeez Abbas, DG Dataware Housing, NADRA, Islamabad
Maj. Tahir M. Alvi DDG, Project Directorate, NADRA, Islamabad
Brig Safdar Husain Awan is the Secy. (C&W) NWFP Brig Qadri is DG KDA;
Brig Mohtarim is Home Secretary Sindh
Major General (Retd) Hashmi, Registrar, Pakistan Engineering Council;
Major General (Retd) Anis Bajwa, Chairman PTDC;
Major Genera (Retd) Asif Riaz Bokhari, NRB;
Brig Muhammad Toseef Uz Zaman Khan, Civil Aviation Authority;
Brig Saeed Ahmed Malik, WAPDA Head Qtrs. Lahore;
Brig Muhammad Iqbal, WAPDA HQ Lahore;
Brig Mushtaq Ahmed, WAPDA HQ, Lahore;
Brig Khalid Sohail Cheema, DG Pak PWD;
Brig Shamshad Khan, GM NWFP NHA;
Brig (Retd) Zareen Khan, Project In charge Ghazi Brotha Dam WAPDA;
Brig (Retd) Mukhtar Ahmed Tariq, GM Admin OGDC;
Brig (Retd) Muhammad Hamayoun Khan, GM Procurement OGDC;
Brig (Retd) Sardar Javed Ashraf, MD KW&SB;
Brig (Retd) Nisar, IG Prisons (Sindh);
Brig (Retd) Zafar Ahmed Malik, Karachi Building & Control Authority;
Brig (Retd) Aftab Ahmed, DG PHA;
Brig (Retd) Dilbar Husain Naqvi, MD National Construction Company;
Colonel Rauf, IG Prisons, NWFP;
Colonel Asif Jamal, MD, Multan Development Authority;
Colonel (Retd) Najam ul Hasan Malik, TMO Rawalpindi;
Colonel (Retd) Hafiz Abdur Rehman Malik, MD WASA, Rawalpindi;
Colonel (Retd) Kanwar Muhammad Sherbaz Khan, GM CS&E OGDC;
Lt Col Muhammad Azim, GM NHA;
LT Col Naqeeb Amjad Malik, Manager CS&E OGDC;
Lt Col (Retd) Aziz ul Haque Mirza, Member (Operations) NHA;
Lt Col (Retd) Hafeezullah Awan, MD WASA Quetta.
Major General (Retd) Shujaat Ali Khan, Ambassador to Morocco;
Major General (Retd) Badruddin, Ambassador to Brunei;
Vice Admiral(Retd) Khalid Mir, Ambassador to Lebanon;
Brig (Retd) Muhammad Nisar, Ambassador to Argentina;
Brig. Sikandar Ali, Director, Anti Narcotics Force;
Brig (R) Saeed Ahmad Rafi, Director General, Ministry of Foreign
Affairs (He was inducted by Gen Musharraf into Foreign Service as in charge of overseas polling for Presidential Referendum in April);
Brig (R) Mian Khalid Habib, Chief of Protocol, M/o foreign Affairs;
Brig Tipu Sultan, Director General, Ministry of Foreign Affairs;
Group Capt (R) Khalid Aziz Babar, Director General, M/o Foreign Affairs;
Naval Lt (R) Ghalib Iqbal, Consul General, Toronto (son-in-law of former Air Chief Anwar Shamim) {Anwer Shamim is a Qadiyani and had served General Zia {Ameer ul Momineen as per Jamat-e-Islami} Anwer Shamim has huge ranches in California, USA, which he and his brother in Law Khursheed Anwer Mirz made through trafficking Narcotics during so-called Afghan Jihad {the Time Weekly that carried this news was banned in Pakistan in 80s}.
Naval Lt (R) Qasim Raza Mutaqqi, Counselor, Rome;
Col (R) Salik Nawaz, Deputy Chief of Protocol, M/o Foreign Affairs;
Capt (R) Masood Akhtar, Deputy Chief of Protocol, M/o Foreign Affairs;
Capt (R) Shaukat Muqaddam, Counselor, Dublin;
Capt (R) Zaighamuddin Azam Khan, Counselor, Berlin;
Capt (R) Sohail Ittehad Hussain, Director General, M/o Foreign Affairs;
Capt (R) Khalid Durrani, Director, M/o Foreign Affairs.
General ® Jahangeer Karamat, Ambassador of Pakistan in USA.
Brigadier ® Ejaz Shah, Director General Intelligence Bureau.
The above list was of 2002. In 2003, as many as 104 serving and retired Lieutenant Generals, Major Generals or equivalent ranks from other services are among the 1,027 military officers inducted on civilian posts in different ministries, divisions and Pakistani missions abroad after Oct 12, 1999 military takeover. The number of army Brigadiers or their equivalent ranks from the Navy and Air Force is even higher at 160, according to an annexure placed before the Senate library. There have been 14 ambassadors and a high commissioner from the military ranks during this period.Of these 1,027 military officers inducted on civilian posts:
27 military officers have been given the prized grade of 22 while 62 officers have been adjusted in grade 21.

Whopping figures of 150 officers occupy civilian positions in Grade 20.
There are 276 officers between grade 20 and 22 alone.
The nature of their jobs varies from deputation, secondment, re-employment to contract basis.
These military officers occupy civilian posts in a situation where, according to in charge Cabinet Division Raza Hiraj, there are 700 'unabsorbed' surplus civilian employees. There are 33 officers on special duty (OSD) just in grades between 19 and 21.

The range of fields where military officers are working on civilian posts encompasses every sector of human endeavor including communications, education, diplomacy, water and electricity management, information, post office, jails, local bodies, think tanks, industrial production, shipping, minority affairs, population welfare, health, agriculture, railways, highways, housing, labor and manpower, social and women development, law and justice and sub- sectors of sports from cricket to hockey.

A close look at the figures shows that these military personnel occupy:
13 posts in the cabinet division,
5 posts in the commerce ministry,
98 in communications ministry,
113 in the defense division,
52 in the defense production division,
9 in the education ministry,
16 in the establishment division,
24 in the ministry of foreign affairs,
6 in the ministry of food, agriculture and livestock.

There are:
88 military officers working in the ministry of interior,
2 in the health ministry,
6 in the housing and works ministry,
29 in the industries and production ministry,
3 in the information and broadcasting ministry,
58 in the ministry of Information Technology,
25 in the Kashmir affairs and northern affairs ministry,
5 in the labor and manpower division,
17 in the ministry of minorities affairs,
39 in the ministry of petroleum and natural resources,
Just one each in the ministry of population welfare, the planning and development division and the ministry of religious affairs.

There are:
2 military officials working in the revenue division (CBR),
21 in the ministry of science and technology,
72 in the ministry of railways/railway board,
37 in the ministry of water and power,
5 in the ministry of women development,
6 in the Wafaqi Mohtasib (Federal Ombudsmen).
There are another 37 officers who have been inducted under the military's 10 per cent quota in civilian posts over and above these appointments.

In the Foreign Affairs 13 Lieutenants and Major Generals were appointed as ambassadors in different countries, while one Brigadier and a Major also got ambassadorial positions.
Lt-Gen (Retd) Asad Durrani was appointed as ambassador in Riyadh (contract expired on October 2002).
Vice-Admiral (Retd) Shamoon Alam Khan was appointed as ambassador in Kyiv (up to August 28, 2003),
Vice-Admiral (Retd) Khalid M Mir was appointed ambassador in Beirut (up to July 2003),
Lt-Gen (Retd) Nasim Rana as ambassador in Kuala Lumpur (up to July 2003),
Air Marshal (Retd) Muhammad Farooq Qari as ambassador in Tripoli,
Lt-Gen (Retd) Agha Jehangir Ali Khan as ambassador in Mexico,
Maj.-Gen (Retd) Shujaat Ali Khan as ambassador in Rabat (up to September 2003),
Maj.-Gen (Retd) Fazal Ghafoor as ambassador in Tashkent (contract expired on April 2002),
Maj.-Gen (Retd) Salim Ullah as ambassador in Abu Dhabi (up to June 2003),
Lt-Gen (Retd) Mohammad Shafique as ambassador in Bahrain (contract expired on October 2002),
Maj.-Gen (Retd) Muhammad Hassan Aqeel as ambassador in Thailand (up to June 2003),
Maj. Gen (Retd) Syed Mustafa Anwar Hussain as ambassador in Indonesia (up to August 2003)
Maj.-Gen (Retd) Sultan Habib as ambassador in DPR Korea (up to October 2003).
Brigadier Abdul Majid Khan was appointed as ambassador in Dushambe (contract expired on June 2002)
Major Badruddin was posted as high commissioner to Bender Seri Begawen.

In the cabinet division,
Maj.-Gen Khalid Bashir was appointed as Member (Tech) Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) (up to November 2001),
Maj.-Gen Raza Hussain as chairman SUPARCO
Maj.-Gen Shahzada Alam Malik as Chairman PTA.

The above text was probably taken from Military Inc. – Inside Pakistan’s Military Economy by Ayesha Siddiqa.

1 comment:



I have always wondered as to what makes Pakistan so vulnerable to military dictatorship?

My search ended with the reading of this Article. None outside Pakistan, or very few even inside Pakistan realize as to why every other Chief of Army Staff springs Coup in Pakistan.

As your article exhibits, Generals from Pakistan Army have created cancer like grip over each and every facet of Governmental Activities. Be it Diplomacy, Bureaucracy, Academic, Industrial, organized or unorganized sector of human activities.

These Generals have under them passed on the cake to their own cronies in middle and lower level of government drawn from ranks. Thus, as your article shows, more than 75% post and thereby meaning governmental activities are under the tight grip of Armed Forces personnel employed in each and every department.

Army in particular and Armed Forces in general are trained, not to question any order coming from hierarchy. Moreover, everyone Armed Forces Personnel employed in any civil post owes his existence at the mercy of Army Chief in chair.

Thus whenever an Army Chief upstages a civil government, there is no civilian element in the government capable of putting up any resistance. All army personnel employed in civil posts welcome such upstaging of civilian government and imposition of martial law as it gives them a sadistic satisfaction of being rulers of the mute masses and be a shareholder in the spoils /booty.

General Musharraf is only the face of unseen cancer that has taken grip over the entire polity /governance in Pakistan and took 60 years to spread. If one General Musharraf goes, another General shall take his place.

This being the situation, no civil government worth name can survive in Pakistan, till the entire administrative apparatus is cleansed of military influence and that can only be done by removing each and every uniformed personnel from the civil posts.

But this can not be done in a day or by just one stroke of pen. What is required is that entire administration has got to be freed from the cancerous grip of Army Personnel, Generals and their cronies, slowly but definitely. This is not possible for any Civilian Administrator to achieve. Z A Bhutto, tried to achieve that but landed on the gallows.

Then, what is the way out? The way out is creation of a strong public opinion against infiltration of Army Generals in civil set-up of Government. Already much ground work has been done to this end by the JCP Chowdhary’s Court. Judiciary has earned respect and trust of common man and it is on the foundation of this trust alone that a strong civil set up could be built by getting rid of Generals.

But, whether Generals of Army Incorporated would be willing to lose their pie so easily, that is a million dollar question.


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